What is command prompt?

  • It can also be used to troubleshoot and solve Windows issues.

  • CMD is a programme in the Windows operating system that imports as an input field in a text-based user interface screen.
  • It can be used to do complex administrative activities as well as execute instructions that have been input.

How to open cmd prompt in windows?

  • In the Windows search box, type “cmd.”
  • If you click on the result as shown below (fig.1), a new screen will appear.

How to open cmd prompt in windows
Fig .1

1. System Information:

  • In the command prompt window, type systeminfo.
  • It will display all system details for you to quickly verify, such as the operating system name, version, manufacturer, and configuration.

2.Windows IP Configuration :

  • Internet Protocol parameters are referred to as IP configuration.
  • It gives the device the ability to accept and deliver IP packets.
  • In the command prompt, type ipconfig.
  • It displays your entire IP configuration.


  • Simply type dir at the command prompt.

  • Within the selected directory, you may see the accessible files and directories. Also includes a brief description of the date and size of the files.
  • To conduct extra operations, the command can be combined with a number of extra switches.

4.You Can Change Color In cmd Window:

  • In the cmd prompt, type colour 2.

  • As you can see in the above image , I mentioned colour 2 to display the green colour. Whichever colour you like, combine it with a number or letter.

5.You Can Use Multiple Command Using &&:

          For e.g. type systeminfo && mspaint.

6.To Show The Drives Entire Directory Structure:

  • Type a little commands  tree in command prompt.
  • It display type, syntax purpose, etc… in your drive files.

7.Find A Websites IP Address:

  • Just type nslookup websitename.com.

8. View Processes:

  • In the cmd prompt, type tasklist.

  • We’ll need to see a list of ongoing processes when we’re on a remote system.
  • We can utilise the Task Manager (Ctrl + Alt + Del) from the GUI, but we utilise tasklist from the command terminal.

9. Tracert:

  • It keeps track of the path your computer takes through the internet to reach a specific destination computer. It calculates and displays the time it takes to complete each hop.

  • In the command prompt, type tracert.
  • For instance, www.zzzzz.com/tracert (if you want to know the IP address of www.zzzzz.com).

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