Making sand casts involves five main steps:

  1.  Patternmaking 
  2.  Core making 
  3.  Molding 
  4.  Melting and pouring 
  5.  Cleaning
    Sand casting process steps


The pattern is a physical representation of the mold-making process. The mould is produced by placing a few easily formed mixed materials across the pattern, such as moulding sand. When the pattern is removed, its impression leaves an empty area in the mould, which is eventually filled with steel to complete the casting. If the casting is to be hollow, as in the case of pipe fittings, extra patterns, known as cores, are used to shape these cavities.


Cores are forms, commonly made from sand, that are positioned right into a mold hollow space
to shape the indoors surfaces of castings. Thus the void area among the center and mold-hollow space floor is what in the end turns into the casting.


Molding includes all operations essential to put together a mold for receiving molten steel. Molding commonly entails putting a molding mixture round a sample held with a helping frame, retreating the
sample to depart the mildew hollow space, placing the cores in the mold hollow space and completing and ultimate the mildew.


The preparation of molten steel for casting is mentioned absolutely as melting. Melting is commonly performed in a especially certain place of the foundry, and the molten metallic is transferred to the pouring place where the molds are filled.


Cleaning refers to all operations essential to the elimination of sand, scale, and extra steel from the casting. Burned-on sand and scale are removed to advanced the floor look of the casting. Excess steel, in the shape of fins, wires, parting line fins, and gates, is removed. Inspection of the casting for defects and standard excellent is performed

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